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If a disaster strikes, you may not have much time to act. Learn how to protect yourself and cope with the disaster by planning ahead.

The following is a list prepared by F.E.M.A. (Federal Emergency Management Agency)


For additional information about how to prepare for hazards in your community, contact the local D.E. S. Officer.

o Find out which disasters could occur in your area.

o Ask how to prepare for each disaster.

o Ask how you would be warned of an emergency.

o Learn your community’s evacuation routes.

o Ask about special assistance for elderly or disabled persons.


o Ask your workplace about emergency plans.

o Learn about emergency plans for your children’s school or day care center.

Create an Emergency Plan

o Meet with household members to discuss the dangers of fire, severe weather, earthquakes and other emergencies. Explain how to respond to each.

o Find the safe spots in your home for each type of disaster.

o Discuss what to do about power outages and personal injuries.

o Draw a floor plan of your home. Mark two escape routes from each room.

o Show family members how to turn off the water, gas and electricity at main switches when necessary.

o Post emergency telephone numbers near telephones.

o Teach children how and when to call 911, police and fire.

o Instruct household members to turn on the radio for emergency information.

o Pick one out-of-state and one local friend or relative for family members to call if separated during a disaster (it is often easier to call out-of-state than within the affected area).

o Teach children your out-of-state contact’s phone numbers.

o Pick two emergency meeting places. 1) A place near your home in case of a fire. 2) A place outside your neighborhood in case you cannot return home after a disaster.

o Take a basic first aid and CPR class.

o Keep family records in a water and fire-proof container.

Prepare a Disaster Supplies Kit


o A supply of water (one gallon per person per day). Store water in sealed, unbreakable containers.

Identify the storage date and replace every six months.

o A supply of non-perishable packaged or canned food and a non-electric can opener.

o A change of clothing, rain gear and sturdy shoes.

o Blankets or sleeping bags.

o A first aid kit and prescription medications.

o An extra pair of glasses.

o A battery-powered radio, flashlight and plenty of extra batteries.

o Credit cards and cash.

o An extra set of car keys.

o A list of family physicians.

o A list of important family information; the style and serial number of medical devices such as pacemakers.

o Special items for infants, elderly or disabled family members.